African-American Students at Florida A&M Boycott the Buses: A Proud Heritage: Photos From the Civil Rights Movement

On June 1, 1956, students at the Florida A&M College gathered and boycotted the buses in their protest against racial segregation.

The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a political and social protest campaign that started in 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, United States, intended to oppose the city’s policy of racial segregation on its public transit system. Many important figures in the civil rights movement were involved in the boycott, including Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., Ralph Abernathy, and others, as listed below. The boycott caused crippling financial deficit for the Montgomery public transit system, because the city’s black population who were the principal boycotters were also the bulk of the system’s paying customers. The campaign lasted from December 1, 1955, when Rosa Parks, an African American woman, was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person, to December 20, 1956, when a federal ruling, Browder v. Gayle, took effect, and led to a United States Supreme Court decision that declared the Alabama and Montgomery laws requiring segregated buses to be unconstitutional.

100 Best Songs of the 1970s 10 – 01

100 Best Songs of the 1970s | NME.COM.

10 Wings – ‘Band On The Run’

Released: June 1974

Widely thought of as the highlight of McCartney‘s post-Beatles career, ‘Band On The Run’s title track shows up Macca’s skill for elaborate but still-catchy songcraft. Written and recorded in Lagos, Nigeria, it’s the whimsical tale of a beat combo escaping incarceration, building from a dreamy beginning into a funked-up strut layered with horns and sunny melodies.

9 Michael Jackson – ‘Don’t Stop ‘Til You Get Enough’

Released: July 1979

The real Jacko was born here, plotting the future course of soul, pop, R&B, you name it, with visionary producer Quincy Jones. Quite what all the stuff about “the force” is about is anyone’s guess – well, Star Wars, probably – but the ecstatic swirling strings and Jackson’s trademark hiccups and “wooo”s are too exciting to give a fig about anything else.

8 Bruce Springsteen – ‘Born To Run’

Released: August 1975

The Boss was going for the “greatest rock’n’roll record ever” and who’s to say he didn’t pull it off? A blend of innuendo – “strap your hands across my engines” – runaway sax from Clarence Clemons and full Wall Of Sound cacophony from the E Street Band, ‘Born To Run’ is a chest-bursting tour de force that even survived a Frankie Goes To Hollywood cover.

7 Blondie – ‘Heart Of Glass’

Released: September 1978

‘Heart Of Glass’ had been kicking around since it was a demo called ‘Once I Had A Love’ in 1975 but Blondie found the courage to release their disco record once they were established on the chart scene. For a new wave band playing with dance, it’s a first-time winner. The pulse is spot-on, although apparently a nightmare to record, and Debbie Harry is a natural disco siren.

6 Donna Summer – ‘I Feel Love

Released: May 1977

Donna Summer’s second collaboration with Giorgio Moroder – after the interminable disco lustfest ‘Love To Love You Baby‘ in 1975 – is a record with the sort of insignificance that cannot be understated. So let’s not understate it. ‘I Feel Love’ is one of the earliest purely synthetic recordings, the very first house record and the future in an orgasmic space-age nutshell.

5 The Ramones – ‘Blitzkrieg Bop

Released: April 1976

On one side of New York you had Television recording 10-minute new wave opuses, on the other The Ramones getting their pop thrash over in a couple of minutes. ‘Blitzkrieg Bop’ is a strip of bubblegum in punk clothing, its churning guitars rolling around Joey Ramone‘s slurring vocals as the band set a template for punk’s rock’n’roll revival.

4 David Bowie – ‘Heroes’

Released: September 1977

Written by Bowie with Brian Eno, ‘”Heroes”‘ is a gorgeous, howling tribute to love in all its proud defiance – and specifically to the snog between producer Tony Visconti and his new, secret girlfriend. Bowie reportedly stood at the back of the room to get that distant shout just right in the song’s final third as he battles for space with Robert Fripp’s wonderful distorted guitar.

3 The Clash – ‘London Calling’

Released: December 1979

The Clash always had a message to impart and what better than a bug-eyed apocalyptic warning? The “nuclear error” at Three Mile Island in the States could happen here too and Joe Strummer wanted us to know, driving the point home with those choppy guitars and vulpine howls. Finishing with a radio signal, this is the World Service in a time of terror.

2 Fleetwood Mac – ‘Go Your Own Way’

Released: December 1976

Written by Lindsey Buckingham about his disintegrating relationship with bandmate and girlfriend Stevie Nicks, ‘Go Your Own Way’ channels desperation and heartbreak into one of rock’s most memorable choruses. The group’s first Top 10 in the US, it propelled their album ‘Rumours’ into the charts, and has since been covered by everyone from Boy George to NOFX.

1 Sex Pistols – ‘God Save The Queen’

Released: May 1977

Glen Matlock’s last appearance on a Sex Pistols record is, funnily enough, a bit overshadowed by all the other hoo-ha circling about. This searing, sneering shot of snot-nosed rebellion would’ve made a perfect No.1 for the Queen’s silver jubilee, but was conveniently pipped by Rod Stewart’s ‘I Don’t Want To Talk About It’. Or was it? Over to the conspiracy theorists.