On June 1, 1956, students at the Florida A&M College gathered and boycotted the buses in their protest against racial segregation.
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a political and social protest campaign that started in 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, United States, intended to oppose the city’s policy of racial segregation on its public transit system. Many important figures in the civil rights movement were involved in the boycott, including Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., Ralph Abernathy, and others, as listed below. The boycott caused crippling financial deficit for the Montgomery public transit system, because the city’s black population who were the principal boycotters were also the bulk of the system’s paying customers. The campaign lasted from December 1, 1955, when Rosa Parks, an African American woman, was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person, to December 20, 1956, when a federal ruling, Browder v. Gayle, took effect, and led to a United States Supreme Court decision that declared the Alabama and Montgomery laws requiring segregated buses to be unconstitutional.
- Rosa Parks (socyberty.com)
- Montgomery Bus Boycotts (photostory) (historymartinez.wordpress.com)
- Paying homage to civil rights pioneers: Remembering Rosa Parks’ courage (timpanogos.wordpress.com)
- Before Rosa Parks, Claudette Colvin Stayed in Her Bus Seat (blog-aauw.org)