Today is the 100th birthday of one of the last living actors/actresses from the Golden Age of Hollywood and the last living actor from the film Gone With The Wind: Olivia de Havilland. The world is a better place because she is in it.
NAME: Olivia de Havilland
OCCUPATION: Film Actress, Pin-up
BIRTH DATE: July01, 1916
PLACE OF BIRTH: Tokyo, Japan
Full Name: Olivia Mary de Havilland
AKA: Olivia de Havilland
ZODIAC SIGN: Gemini
Academy of Achievement (1978)
Oscar for Best Actress 1947 for To Each His Own
Oscar for Best Actress 1950 for The Heiress
Golden Globe 1950 for The Heiress
Golden Globe 1987 for Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna
Hollywood Walk of Fame 6764 Hollywood Blvd.
Best Known For: Best known as Melanie in Gone with the Wind, actress Olivia de Havilland won Academy Awards for her roles in To Each His Own and The Heiress.
Born in Tokyo, Japan, actress Olivia de Havilland spent much of her youth in California. She moved there with her mother and younger sister, Joan, after her parents divorced. De Havilland caught her big break in 1933 with her stage role. Performing at the famed Hollywood Bowl, she played Hermia in a Max Reinhardt production of William Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream.
De Havilland earned the chance to reprise her role in 1935 film adaptation with Dick Powell and James Cagney. Along with her coveted part, she also landed a seven-year contract with Warner Brothers. The studio soon paired her with one of her frequent co-stars Errol Flynn. The duo first appeared together in the action-adventure tale Captain Blood (1935).
De Havilland continued to work with Errol Flynn, and they proved to be a popular on-screen couple. She played Maid Marian to his Robin Hood in 1938’s The Adventures of Robin Hood. While these films were entertaining, they did little to reveal de Havilland’s talents as a serious performer.
With 1939’s Gone with the Wind, movie audiences had their first real experience with de Havilland as a dramatic actress. This Civil War era drama, based on the Margaret Mitchell novel, proved to one of the top films of the year and has continued to enjoy enormous popularity since its release. De Havilland played the gentle and kind Melanie Hamilton opposite Vivien Leigh’s fiery Scarlett O’Hara. Both characters vied for the love of Ashley Wilkes (Leslie Howard), and Melanie won his heart. Scarlett eventually ended up with the dashing Rhett Butler (Clark Gable).
De Havilland earned an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress for her portrayal of Melanie, but she lost out to her fellow cast mate Hattie McDaniels. McDaniels became the first African American to win an Academy Award. Two years later, de Havilland scored another Academy Award nomination two years later for her role in the drama Hold Back the Dawn (1941) with Charles Boyer—this time as Best Actress. This time around, de Havilland lost out to her own sister who used the stage name of Joan Fontaine.
Over the years, de Havilland became increasingly frustrated with her situation at Warner Brothers. Good parts seemed to be few and far between, and she was relieved when her contract with the studio neared its end in 1943. Warner Brothers, however, subtracted time that she had been suspended while under contract and claimed that she owed them that time. Rather than comply, de Havilland battled Warner Brothers in court.
The case went all the way to the California Supreme Court in 1945, which reaffirmed a lower court ruling in favor of de Havilland. The case created the de Havilland rule, which limited the length of a contract to a maximum of seven calendar years. During her years away from the silver screen, de Havilland found work in radio and toured military hospitals to show her support to soldiers fighting in World War II.
After her hiatus, de Havilland quickly returned to top form with To Each His Own. Her turn as an unwed mother brought her the Academy Award for Best Actress. Delivering another impressive performance, de Havilland starred in 1948’s The Snake Pit. This film was one of the first to explore mental health issues, and de Havilland played a troubled woman who is sent to an insane asylum.
In The Heiress (1949), de Havilland lit up the screen as a wealthy young woman torn between her love (Montgomery Clift) and her father (Ralph Richardson). This adaptation of a Henry James story led to de Havilland’s second Best Actress Academy Award win. By the 1950s, de Havilland’s film career had slowed down.
Hush … Hush, Sweet Charlotte (1965) proved to be one of de Havilland’s more notable later roles. She shared the screen with fellow film legend Bette Davis in this acclaimed psychological thriller. In the 1970s, de Havilland appeared in the popular disaster film Airport ’77 and the killer bee horror movie The Swarm (1978) among other roles.
On the small screen, Olivia de Havilland made guest appearances on such programs as The Danny Thomas Hour and The Love Boat. She landed roles in such popular miniseries as Roots: The Next Generations (1979) and North and South, Book II (1986). Also in 1986, de Havilland had a supporting role in the television movie Anastasia: the Mystery of Anna, which earned her a Golden Globe Award.
With the dawning of the new century, de Havilland received another wave of accolades for her work. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences held a special tribute for her in 2006. Two years later, President George W. Bush gave de Havilland the National Medal of Arts. She earned the Legion of Honor award from French President Nicolas Sarkozy in 2010.
Olivia de Havilland lives in Paris, France, where she has resided since the mid-1950s. She has been married twice—first to writer Marcus Goodrich and later to Paris Match editor and journalist Pierre Galante. Both unions ended in divorce. With Goodrich, de Havilland had a son named Benjamin. Benjamin died in 1991. Her daughter, Gisele, from her marriage to Galante, works as a journalist in France.
Over the years, Havilland has been involved in one of Hollywood’s most longstanding feuds. She and her sister, Joan Fontaine, have reportedly not spoken to each other in decades.
FILMOGRAPHY AS ACTOR
Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna (7-Dec-1986)
North and South II (4-May-1986)
The Fifth Musketeer (6-Apr-1979)
Roots: The Next Generations (18-Feb-1979)
The Swarm (14-Jul-1978) · Maureen
Airport ’77 (11-Mar-1977) · Emily Livingston
Pope Joan (16-Aug-1972)
The Adventurers (25-Mar-1970)
Hush… Hush, Sweet Charlotte (15-Dec-1964) · Miriam
Lady in a Cage (8-Jul-1964) · Mrs. Cornelia Hilyard
Light in the Piazza (7-Feb-1962) · Meg Johnson
Libel (23-Oct-1959) · Lady Loddon
The Proud Rebel (1-Jul-1958) · Linnett Moore
The Ambassador’s Daughter (26-Jul-1956) · Joan Fiske
Not as a Stranger (28-Jun-1955)
That Lady (5-Mar-1955)
My Cousin Rachel (25-Dec-1952)
The Heiress (6-Oct-1949) · Catherine Sloper
The Snake Pit (4-Nov-1948) · Virginia Stuart Cunningham
The Dark Mirror (18-Oct-1946) · Ruth Collins
The Well-Groomed Bride (10-May-1946)
Devotion (5-Apr-1946) · Charlotte Brontë
To Each His Own (12-Mar-1946)
Government Girl (5-Nov-1943) · Elizabeth Allard
Princess O’Rourke (23-Oct-1943) · Princess Maria — Mary Williams
Thank Your Lucky Stars (1-Oct-1943) · Herself
In This Our Life (8-May-1942) · Roy Timberlake
The Male Animal (4-Apr-1942) · Ellen Turner
They Died with Their Boots On (1-Jan-1942) · Elizabeth Bacon
Hold Back the Dawn (31-Jul-1941) · Emmy Brown
The Strawberry Blonde (22-Feb-1941) · Amy Lind
Santa Fe Trail (13-Dec-1940) · Kit Carson Holliday
My Love Came Back (13-Jul-1940) · Amelia Cornell
Gone with the Wind (15-Dec-1939) · Melanie Hamilton
The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex (27-Sep-1939) · Lady Penelope Gray
Dodge City (1-Apr-1939) · Abbie Irving
Wings of the Navy (3-Feb-1939)
Four’s a Crowd (13-Nov-1938) · Lorri Dillingwell
Hard to Get (5-Nov-1938)
The Adventures of Robin Hood (14-May-1938) · Maid Marian
Gold Is Where You Find It (12-Feb-1938) · Serena Ferris
The Great Garrick (24-Oct-1937) · Germaine
It’s Love I’m After (8-Oct-1937)
Call It a Day (17-Apr-1937) · Catherine Hilton
The Charge of the Light Brigade (20-Oct-1936) · Elsa Campbell
Anthony Adverse (29-Jul-1936) · Angela Guisseppi
Captain Blood (19-Dec-1935) · Arabella Bishop
A Midsummer Night’s Dream (9-Oct-1935)
The Irish in Us (31-Jul-1935) · Lucille Jackson
Alibi Ike (15-Jun-1935) · Dolly Stevens
Source: Olivia de Havilland
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