Today is the 97th birthday of of the 39th president, philanthropist, human rights activist, and the one of the people I list when asked “who alive or dead would you like to invite to a dinner party?”: Jimmy Carter. The world is a better place because he is in it. We all owe him a great amount of gratitude and should read everything we can from him and everything about him and hope some of it rubs off on us
NAME: Jimmy Carter
OCCUPATION: U.S. President
BIRTH DATE: October 01, 1924
EDUCATION: Georgia Southwestern College, Georgia Institute of Technology, US Naval Academy
PLACE OF BIRTH: Plains, Georgia
US PRESIDENT (1977-81)
GOVERNOR OF GEORGIA (1971-75)
GEORGIA STATE SENATE (1962-66)
BETTER WORLD SOCIETY Trustee
NOBEL PEACE PRIZE 2002
PRESIDENTIAL MEDAL OF FREEDOM 1999
TIME PERSON OF THE YEAR 1976
ALBERT SCHWEITZER PRIZE FOR HUMANITARIANISM 1987
SILVER BUFFALO 1978
SECRET SERVICE CODE NAME: Dasher, Deacon, Lock Master
BEST KNOWN FOR: Jimmy Carter was the 39th president of the United States (1977-81) and later was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2002.
James Earl “Jimmy” Carter, Jr. is an American politician who served as the 39th President of the United States (1977–1981) and was the recipient of the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize, the only U.S. President to have received the Prize after leaving office. Before he became President, Carter served as a U.S. Naval officer, was a peanut farmer, served two terms as a Georgia State Senator and one as Governor of Georgia (1971–1975).
As President, Carter created two new cabinet-level departments: the Department of Energy and the Department of Education. He established a national energy policy that included conservation, price control, and new technology. In foreign affairs, Carter pursued the Camp David Accords, the Panama Canal Treaties, the second round of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT II), and returned the Panama Canal Zone to Panama.
Throughout his career, Carter strongly emphasized human rights. He took office during a period of international stagflation, which persisted throughout his term. The end of his presidential tenure was marked by the 1979–1981 Iran hostage crisis, the 1979 energy crisis, the Three Mile Island nuclear accident, the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan (at the end of 1979), 1980 Summer Olympics boycott by the United States of the Moscow Olympics and the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens.
By 1980, Carter’s popularity had eroded. He survived a primary challenge against Ted Kennedy for the Democratic Party nomination in the 1980 election, but lost the election to Republican candidate Ronald Reagan. On January 20, 1981, minutes after Carter’s term in office ended, the 52 U.S. captives held at the U.S. embassy in Iran were released, ending the 444-day Iran hostage crisis.
After leaving office, Carter and his wife Rosalynn founded the Carter Center in 1982, a nongovernmental, not-for-profit organization that works to advance human rights. He has traveled extensively to conduct peace negotiations, observe elections, and advance disease prevention and eradication in developing nations. Carter is a key figure in the Habitat for Humanity project, and also remains particularly vocal on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
In 1982, he established The Carter Center in Atlanta to advance human rights and alleviate unnecessary human suffering. The non-profit, nongovernmental Center promotes democracy, mediates and prevents conflicts, and monitors the electoral process in support of free and fair elections. It also works to improve global health through the control and eradication of diseases such as Guinea worm disease, river blindness, malaria, trachoma, lymphatic filariasis, and schistosomiasis. It also works to diminish the stigma of mental illnesses and improve nutrition through increased crop production in Africa. A major accomplishment of The Carter Center has been the elimination of more than 99% of cases of Guinea worm disease, a debilitating parasite that has existed since ancient times, from an estimated 3.5 million cases in 1986 to 3,190 reported cases in 2009. The Carter Center has monitored 81 elections in 33 countries since 1989. It has worked to resolve conflicts in Haiti, Bosnia, Ethiopia, North Korea, Sudan and other countries. Carter and the Center actively support human rights defenders around the world and have intervened with heads of state on their behalf.
FILMOGRAPHY AS ACTOR
Countdown to Zero (25-Jan-2010) · Himself
Waiting for Armageddon (28-Jan-2009) · Himself
Gonzo: The Life and Work of Dr. Hunter S. Thompson (20-Jan-2008) · Himself
Escape from Suburbia: Beyond the American Dream (16-Sep-2007) · Himself
Jimmy Carter: Man from Plains (7-Sep-2007) · Himself
The Last Mogul: The Life and Times of Lew Wasserman (19-Mar-2005) · Himself
Tanner on Tanner (5-Oct-2004) · Himself
The Journey (13-Jun-2001) · Himself
Tribulation 99: Alien Anomalies Under America (27-Nov-1992) · Himself