Today is the 118th birthday of the poet Pablo Neruda. His “Sonnet XVII” is one of my very favorite poems of all time. The world is a better place because he was in it and still feels the loss that he has left.
NAME: Pablo Neruda
BIRTH DATE: July 12, 1904
DEATH DATE: September 23, 1973
EDUCATION: Temuco Boys’ School
PLACE OF BIRTH: Parral, Chile
PLACE OF DEATH: Santiago, Chile
Chilean Ambassador to France
Nobel Prize for Literature 1971
Lenin Peace Prize 1953
BEST KNOWN FOR: Pablo Neruda was a Nobel Prize-winning Chilean poet who was active in world politics through his role as a diplomat.
Pablo Neruda (July 12, 1904 – September 23, 1973) was the pen name and, later, legal name of the Chilean poet, diplomat and politician Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto. He chose his pen name after Czech poet Jan Neruda.
Neruda became known as a poet while still a teenager. He wrote in a variety of styles including surrealist poems, historical epics, overtly political manifestos, a prose autobiography, and erotically-charged love poems such as the ones in his 1924 collection Twenty Poems of Love and a Song of Despair. In 1971 Neruda won the Nobel Prize for Literature. Colombian novelist Gabriel García Márquez once called him “the greatest poet of the 20th century in any language.” Neruda always wrote in green ink as it was his personal color of hope.
On July 15, 1945, at Pacaembu Stadium in São Paulo, Brazil, he read to 100,000 people in honor of Communist revolutionary leader Luís Carlos Prestes. During his lifetime, Neruda occupied many diplomatic positions and served a stint as a senator for the Chilean Communist Party. When Conservative Chilean President González Videla outlawed communism in Chile in 1948, a warrant was issued for Neruda’s arrest. Friends hid him for months in a house basement in the Chilean port of Valparaíso. Later, Neruda escaped into exile through a mountain pass near Maihue Lake into Argentina. Years later, Neruda was a close collaborator to socialist President Salvador Allende. When Neruda returned to Chile after his Nobel Prize acceptance speech, Allende invited him to read at the Estadio Nacional before 70,000 people.
Neruda was hospitalized with cancer at the time of the Chilean coup d’état led by Augusto Pinochet. Three days after being hospitalized, Neruda died of heart failure. Already a legend in life, Neruda’s death reverberated around the world. Pinochet had denied permission to transform Neruda’s funeral into a public event. However, thousands of grieving Chileans disobeyed the curfew and crowded the streets.
I do not love you as if you were salt-rose, or topaz,
or the arrow of carnations the fire shoots off.
I love you as certain dark things are to be loved,
in secret, between the shadow and the soul.
I love you as the plant that never blooms
but carries in itself the light of hidden flowers;
thanks to your love a certain solid fragrance,
risen from the earth, lives darkly in my body.
I love you without knowing how, or when, or from where.
I love you straightforwardly, without complexities or pride;
so I love you because I know no other way
than this: where I does not exist, nor you,
so close that your hand on my chest is my hand,
so close that your eyes close as I fall asleep.
Author of books:
Crepusculario (1923, poetry)
Veinte Poemas de Amor y una Canción Desesperada (1924, poetry)
Tentativa del Hombre Infinito (1926, poetry)
Anillos (1926, poetry, with Tomás Lago)
El Hondero Entusiasta (1933, poetry)
Residencia en la Tierra, 1925–1931 (1933, poetry)
Residencia en la Tierra, 1925–35 (1935, poetry, 2 vols.)
España en el Corazón (1937, poetry)
Canto General (1950, poetry)
Alturas de Macchu Picchu (1943, poetry)
Tercera Residencia, 1935–45 (1947, poetry)
Odas Elementales (1954, poetry)
Confieso que he Vivido (1974, memoir)